The many wonders of Plant extract in the chemical and food industry

There are so many wonders in the human ecosystem that are yet to be discovered and explored to its fullest. Every day, newer discoveries are made helping to further advance human society and providing answers to yet to questions. One of such wonders that is the ability of stem cells or plants to provide solutions to a wide variety of human issues.

Plants generally are a blessing to humanity, from serving as a cover, wind break, a source of photosynthesis, erosion control, and food for both man and animals, soil cover, health booster / remedy and so many more. Added to this endless list are the many benefits of plant extraction for the chemical industry.

A whole lot of chemical composition is derived from plant extraction; from the stems, to leaves, roots, hard bark, seeds /fruits and even the fluids contained in these plants are regularly extracted for the production of different kinds of chemicals for consumption as well as serve as raw materials for production of other goods.

Plant extraction based on research are known to form the basis for the production of cosmetic products in particular. Cosmetic products using natural chemicals are usually referred to as natural or organic products and seen to offer nature’s solution to human problems. There are a wide variety of such including essential oil, vegetable oil, olive oil and others used for skin /hair  treatment.

Apart from these industrially used oils and the use of plant extract for pharmaceutical products there are so many others such as latex, rubber, gum, wax, dye for making a wide variety of products.

Plant extraction also provide a good source of raw materials required for food and food additives such as vegetable oils and fatty acid. These plant extracts are classified as primary and secondary metabolites. The primary metabolites are used for producing soap and detergent. Also, carbohydrate gotten from cassava can generate sucrose, starch, pectin and are all referred to as primary metabolites. Secondary metabolites extracted from plants are responsible for flavour, fragrance, pharmaceuticals and pesticides.


The origin of Plant extraction was developed many years ago. Human learned about the plants benefit a

long time ago and hence came up with the first techniques to obtain plant extracts the very first extracts

were attained from fermentation of alcohol using methods such as decoction or distillation, maceration,

infusion or even some process which used water.

In the analysis of o medicinal plants extraction is the first step. It is very critical to extract the desired

chemical components in a plant and later you perform separation and characterization, the simple

operation process is done in steps the first steps is washing the plant materials thoroughly then you dry or

freeze them.

The Procedures and Material Used In Plant Extraction

The first procedures in Plant extraction, the tool they use are used materials and the methods of heating

needed knowledge but not science. However in the current generation accurate mechanization, tolerable

apparatus, proceed in methods analysis and engineering and new technologies for instance pressure,

microwaves or ultrasound, the world of plant extraction expertise still bases on the real association

between the mastery of present technology and tradition. The extract is a substance obtained specifically

from a solid to liquid extraction it is very different from a solid liquid separation.

Excellence Criteria in Plant Extraction

The main determination factors of plant extraction are the selecting raw materials choosing the correct

solvent the utilization process and the performances of the equipment’s all the parameters must be

combined professionally and finally if you follow all the parameters well you will be able to obtain high-

quality plant extracts.

The plant extraction usually happens in a combination of various types of bioactive compounds or phyto

chemicals which holds different polarities however their separations remains a challenge to some people.

Methods of Plant extraction in Drug production

Plant Extraction, as the term is utilized pharmaceutically, includes the partition of restoratively active

bits of plant or creature tissues from the idle or latent segments by utilizing specific solvents as a part of

standard extraction systems. The items so acquired from plants are moderately sullied fluids, semisolids

or powders expected just for oral or outer use. These incorporate classes of arrangements known as

decoctions, mixtures, liquid concentrates, tinctures, pilular (semisolid) extricates and powdered

concentrates. Such arrangements prominently have been called galenicals, named after Galen, the second

century Greek doctor. The reasons for institutionalized plant extraction methods for unrefined

medications are to achieve the restoratively wanted partition and to kill the inactive material by treatment

with a particular dissolvable known as menstruum. The concentrate accordingly acquired might be

prepared for use as a restorative operator as tinctures and liquid concentrates, it might be further handled

to be fused in any dose frame, for example, tablets or cases, or it might be fractionated to detach singular

synthetic elements, for example, ajmalicine, hyoscine and vincristine, which are cutting edge drugs. In

this way, institutionalization of extraction strategies contributes essentially to the last nature of the home

grown medication. Some methods of plant Extraction from herbal Plants are listed below:

 Maceration

 Infusion

 Counter current extraction

 Digestion

 Hot continuous extraction

 Decoction

 Phytonics process

 Percolation

Parameters for Selecting an Appropriate Extraction Method

 Use the right plant part and, for quality control purposes, record the period of plant and the time,

season and place of accumulation.

 Authentication of plant material ought to be done before performing extraction. Any outside

matter ought to be totally dispensed with.

 The nature of water or menstruum utilized ought to be indicated and controlled.

 Conditions utilized for drying the plant material to a great extent rely on upon the way of its

compound constituents. Hot or cool blowing wind stream for drying is by and large favored.

 The number of extractions required for complete extraction is as imperative as the length of every


 Nature of constituents plays an imperative part here.