There are so many wonders in the human ecosystem that are yet to be discovered and explored to its fullest. Every day, newer discoveries are made helping to further advance human society and providing answers to yet to questions. One of such wonders that is the ability of stem cells or plants to provide solutions to a wide variety of human issues.
Plants generally are a blessing to humanity, from serving as a cover, wind break, a source of photosynthesis, erosion control, and food for both man and animals, soil cover, health booster / remedy and so many more. Added to this endless list are the many benefits of plant extraction for the chemical industry.
A whole lot of chemical composition is derived from plant extraction; from the stems, to leaves, roots, hard bark, seeds /fruits and even the fluids contained in these plants are regularly extracted for the production of different kinds of chemicals for consumption as well as serve as raw materials for production of other goods.
Plant extraction based on research are known to form the basis for the production of cosmetic products in particular. Cosmetic products using natural chemicals are usually referred to as natural or organic products and seen to offer nature’s solution to human problems. There are a wide variety of such including essential oil, vegetable oil, olive oil and others used for skin /hair treatment.
Apart from these industrially used oils and the use of plant extract for pharmaceutical products there are so many others such as latex, rubber, gum, wax, dye for making a wide variety of products.
Plant extraction also provide a good source of raw materials required for food and food additives such as vegetable oils and fatty acid. These plant extracts are classified as primary and secondary metabolites. The primary metabolites are used for producing soap and detergent. Also, carbohydrate gotten from cassava can generate sucrose, starch, pectin and are all referred to as primary metabolites. Secondary metabolites extracted from plants are responsible for flavour, fragrance, pharmaceuticals and pesticides.